Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline. Phnom Penh, its capital, is home to the art deco Central Market, glittering Royal Palace and the National Museum's historical and archaeological exhibits. In the country's northwest are the ruins of Angkor Wat, a massive stone temple complex built during the Khmer Empire.
Capital: Phnom Penh
Currency: Cambodian riel Population: 15.14 million (2013) World Bank
King: Norodom Sihamoni
Official language: Khmer
Phnom Penh Capital of Cambodia
Phnom Penh,Cambodia’s busy capital, sits at the junction of the Mekong and Tonlé Sap rivers. It was a hub for both the Khmer Empire and French colonialists. On its walkable riverfront, lined with parks, restaurants and bars, are the ornate Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda and the National Museum, displaying artifacts from around the country. At the city’s heart is the massive, art deco Central Market.
Area: 262 mi² Elevation: 39′ Weather: 79°F (26°C), Wind E at 9 mph (14 km/h), 87% Humidity
Local time: Thursday 10:06 PM
Population: 1.502 million (2012)
Norodom Sihamoni became the King of Cambodia on 14 October 2004. He is the eldest son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Norodom Monineath.
Born:May 14, 1953 (age 63 years), Royal Palace, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
House: House of Norodom
Office: Ruler of Cambodia since 2004
Siblings: Norodom Ranariddh, Norodom Narindrapong
Parents: Norodom Sihamoni, Norodom Monineath
Currency : The Cambodian Riel (USD $1 =~4000R)
Climtes: All seasons are suitable for travel, however, the beginning of the year is ideal. December-February, cool/dry; March-May, hot/dry: June-August, hot/rain; September-November, cool/diminishing rain.
Peoples and ethnic groups: 90-95% Khmer, 5% Vietnamese and Chinese, Chams, and several ethnic minorities in the northeast.
Religion: Theravada Buddhism, Islam (Chams), Christianity, Animism
Languages : Khmer (Cambodian), French and English.
Formalities : A passport valid for at least 6 months after your return date. A valid visa at least 1 month at the embassy, but more conveniently on arrival at the international airports: Siem Reap or Phnom Penh and at border crossings with Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos.Tourists visa: $25 USD--Business visa: $30 USD.
Time difference : GTM +7 hours
Main activities : Rubber, textile, rice plantation, tourism.
Transport : transport in the country is fairly rudimentary. The taxi is safe and simple. In town, opt for motorcycle taxis or tuk-tuks will take you couple USD on average. Bus and boat are available and inexpensive means.
Health: No vaccinations mandatory is required to enter Cambodia from Europe but still check that you are up to date for your vaccines.
Water : Do NOT drink the tap water. A priori, any ice has treated water but remain cautious, as for vegetables and fruit peeled. Check if the bottled water (purified) which are encapsulated offers.
Food: As in any tropical country, of course, there are risks. So be cautious about fruits and vegetables peeled. In case of intestinal disorders, avoid street vendors and look for sanitized restaurants.
Nature: The sun is strong in Cambodia, especially Angkor area cover your head, wear loose clothing and do not forget your sunscreen. Drink plenty of purified bottled waters. To avoid any unpleasant surprises being bitten by poisonous insects, better avoid walking off the beaten track.